Chronic Diseases

diabetes2013       Black tonometer and heart isolated on white


  • Diabetes is when the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar)
  • There are 2 types of diabetes, Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes

  • This occurs when the person’s body does not produce any insulin
  • 10% of diabetes are Type 1

Type 2 diabetes

  • This occurs when the person’s body does not produce enough insulin or the person’s body doesn’t react with insulin
  • 90% of diabetes are Type 2


  • Hypertension in other words is high blood pressure
  • Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing up against the blood vessel walls.
  • The higher the pressure the harder the heart has to pump.

Heart problem

  • Heart problem is just a general term.
  • Heart attack, artery disease and more are considered
  • Anything is heart problem as long as the heart is involved.

Why Diabetes/ Hypertension/ Heart problem matters?

  • Hypertension can lead to damaged organs, sickness and many more symptoms.
  • Diabetes cause slight pain, and as the years pass it gets worst and it gets harder to cure
  • Heart disease obvious is you having a problem with your heart. Therefore if your heart is in danger, you are in risk of death


Risk of Diabetes/ Hypertension/ Heart problem

  • tobacco use
  • the harmful use of alcohol
  • raised blood pressure (or hypertension)
  • physical inactivity
  • raised cholesterol
  • overweight/obesity
  • unhealthy diet
  • raised blood glucose


Symptoms of Diabetes/ Hypertension/Heart problem.


–         Urinating often

–         Feeling very thirsty

–         Feeling very hungry – even though you are eating …



–         Headache

–         Chest pain

–         Difficulties in breathing

–         Blood in urine

Heart problem

–         Discomfort, pressure, heaviness, or pain in the chest, arm, or below the breastbone.

–         Discomfort radiating to the back, jaw


Prevention & Treatment


  • Eat healthy, lose weight, and lower your blood sugar


  • Hypertension may be diagnosed by a health professional who measures blood pressure with a device called a sphygmomanometer. If the pressure is greater than 140/90, you will be considered to have hypertension.

Heart problem

  • Exercise and don’t smoke

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